Arnaldo Testi “Capture the Flag: The Stars and Stripes in American History

  1. There is a famous photograph taken during a 1976 riot in Boston. It was one of many anti-busing riots that were caused by socialized schools imposing segregation by law and teaching racism as official policy, and then compounding the hatred by then layering on another socialistic police-state insult: forced busing that destroyed neighborhoods.  In the famous photograph we see a lawyer named Ted Landsmark being restrained from behind by another man.  In front of Landsmark is another man brandishing the flag like a lance, as if moments away from ramming it into Landsmark’s body.
  2. According to Arnaldo Testi in “Capture the Flag: The Stars and Stripes in American History,” the United States flag is “inherently” a flag of empire: it is designed to be easily changed to reflect the acquisition of territory (by increasing the number of stars).  As Testi puts it: “The flag is a variable icon geared to automatic expansion . . . the idea of empire is incorporated in it from the outset” (79).
  3. The flag also reflects forced socialism, to prevent states from seceding from the U.S.A. (as in the War against Southern Independence) a violent behavior that was also demonstrated under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the National Socialist German Workers Party, and under Mao in China. The War against Southern Independence is what inspired Francis Bellamy, author of the Pledge of Allegiance. The same deadly dogma drove Bellamy’s goal of a government takeover of education and robotic chanting to flags.
  4. Bellamy was a Christian socialist and cousin of socialist Edward Bellamy, the author of Looking Backward.  According to Testi, Bellamy viewed the Pledge’s commitment to “freedom” and “justice” as ecumenical and as applicable to an “individualist” state (Bellamy’s term) as a socialist one (34).  It is amazing that Testi writes as if it is unclear why Bellamy would want his Pledge to be used by an actually-existing “individualist” (capitalist) state is unclear. It is not unclear. Bellamy wanted to destroy individualism with robotic chanting to flags in government schools, he wanted government to take over education and spread his socialism throughout society and the world. He was very successful. See the work of the symbologist Dr. Rex Curry (author of “Pledge of Allegiance Secrets”).

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